Attorney Nouvelle L. Gonzalo, Esq. Gonzalo Law LLC
International private law encompasses business throughout the world. International business owners may sometimes find it difficult to determine who or what governs all of the international laws that relate to your business.
The reason this is so difficult to determine is that there is no definitive government body who oversees every single international law.
The United Nations is the most widely recognized and influential international organization. This is true even though many have come to doubt its effectiveness is recent years.
The judicial counterpart to the United Nations is called the International Court of Justice.
The United Nations was formed with the intent to promote international cooperation while acting as an intergovernmental organization. It was founded on October 24, 1945 after World War II to replace The League of Nations which was highly ineffective. It includes 192 member states. The United Nations has its headquarters in New York City with other main offices located in Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna. The United Nations is made up of five basic groups.
• The General Assembly is the main assembly of the UN. It contains representatives from every state. This branch commands the rules that guide the day to day work of the boards and councils under it.
• The Security Council is decides resolutions for peace and security
• The Economic and Social Council promotes international economic and social co-operation and development
• The Secretariat whose job it is to provide studies, information and facilities that may be need by the UN
• The International Court of Justice which is the primary judicial branch and is located in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands. The principal role of this branch is to settle legal disputes amongst countries.
One of the primary goals of the United Nations is to develop international law. The Charter of the United Nations, in its Preamble, sets the objective, “to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained”. International law as defined by the United Nation sets forth legal responsibilities of states’ conduct with one another and their treatment within the states boundaries.
THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE
The International Court of Justice was established in June 1945. It was established by the Charter of the United Nations. It began operating in April 1946. It is the only branch of the United Nations that is not located in New York. The primary function of the court is to settle legal disputes according to international law.The court is only permitted to deal with two types of matters, legal arguments that are submitted to them by the states and requests for advisory opinions on legal matters from any branch or specialty agency located within the United Nations. The court is made up of 15 judges who are elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council for a term of nine years. The official language of the court is English and French.
Most international businesses will never require the services of the United Nations or the International Court of Justice; however, knowing that such organizations exist can offer peace of mind. In most instances a qualified international business attorney, such as those at Gonzalo Law LLC, will be able to deal with the many legal issues that arise while doing business internationally.
DISCLAIMER: The information contained herein is not intended to be specific legal advice for your particular situation. It is meant to provide general information on the changing landscape of the law. You are encouraged to contact legal counsel for legal advice specific to your particular legal situation.